Introduction to Public Management

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Introduction to Public Management

Public management is an area of ​​study and practice that focuses on the management of government entities and not-for-profit organizations. Public management combines the theoretical and practical aspects of administration, finance and public policy. Public management is the application of government policies. It helps create the structures that facilitate better service delivery for citizens.

Origin and Evolution of Public Management

Public management, as we know it today, began to form in the 19th century during the period of civil service reform. During that time, there was an increasing need for professionalism and efficiency in the delivery of public services. Modern public management is characterized by its emphasis on efficiency, transparency and accountability.

Principles of Public Management

There are several principles that guide public management. These include legality, which refers to compliance with laws and regulations; impersonality, which requires public managers to treat all citizens fairly and equally; morality, which requires public managers to act ethically; publicity, which involves transparency and responsibility in the provision of public services; and efficiency, which refers to the effective use of public resources.

Public Management Functions

Public management performs several important functions. It is responsible for implementing public policies, providing public services and managing public resources. Public management also plays an important role in promoting social equity, protecting citizens' rights, and promoting economic and social development.

Public Management Challenges

Public management faces several challenges. These include the need to improve efficiency and effectiveness in the delivery of public services, the need to deal with corruption and mismanagement, the need to respond to citizens' expectations and demands, and the need to deal with the complexity and uncertainty of the political and social environment.


In summary, public management is a crucial area that plays a vital role in the administration of the state and the provision of services to citizens. It requires a high level of knowledge, skills and competence, as well as a commitment to the principles of legality, impersonality, morality, publicity and efficiency.

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