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Windows server

Windows Server is a family of Microsoft Windows operating systems based on the NT architecture targeted for use on servers.


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Windows 2012 Editions

This video will look at the features and functionality that is available in the 4 editions of Windows Server 2012. Check out or for more of our always free training videos. The video covers the basic features and licenses for each edition of Windows Server 2012 so that you can make the correct decision of which Windows Server 2012 edition to purchase.

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Windows 2012 Editions
Windows 2012 comes in 4 editions, reduced from 7 in Windows Server 2012. These are Foundation, Essentials, Standard and Datacenter. If you compare these to the Windows Server 2008 editions, there is a direct equivalent edition from Foundation to Foundation and Datacenter to Datacenter. The Windows Server 2012 Essentials edition feature wise is most equivalent to the Standard and Web edition of Windows Server 2008. The Standard Edition is equivalent to the enterprise edition of Windows Serve


New Features in Windows Server 2012

This video will look at 9 of the biggest new features in Windows Server 2012. Check out for more of our always free training videos. Understanding what is available will help decide if Windows Server 2012 is the right choice for you.

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New Features
This video will look at the following new features in Windows Server 2012. Server 2012 Interfaces, Server Core, Server Manager, Storage Spaces, Resilient File System (ReFS), SMB 3.0, DirectAccess, Hyper-V improvements and RemoteFX improvements.

Server 2012 Interfaces
Windows Server 2008 introduced the core interface. The choice of whether to use the full GUI interface or the server core interface had to be made at install time and could not be changed. With Windows Server 2012 you can change the interface at any time. To change the interface, it is a simple matter of removing and adding features using server manager, rebooting the serve


Windows Server 2012/R2 Install Requirements

This video will look at the install and minimum requirements for installing Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R12. The video also looks as some recommended requirements.

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Server 2012/R2 Hardware Requirements
For Windows Server 2012/R2, Microsoft released some install requirements. These provide the basic requirements to install Windows Server 2012/R2. Microsoft does not release minimum requirements for the server alone, rather they release minimum requirements based on what role or software that server is running. In this case, the minimum requirements for the Essentials Edition have been used. If you are using Windows Server 2012/R2 in a virtual machine, Microsoft recommends upping the RAM in the virtual machine to 800 megabytes. Once the virtual machine has started up, this can be reduced to 512 megabytes. It should also be remembered that if you plan to perform an install of t


Windows Server 2012 Licensing

Windows Server 2012 licensing is based on the number of CPU's and virtual machines that servers are running. Check out or for more of our always free training videos. This video looks at determining how many Windows Server 2012 licenses you will need and how you can transfer licenses from one server to another server.

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License Per Edition
Windows Server 2012 comes in 4 different editions. Depending on which edition that you purchase will determine how many CPU's that server can run and how many virtual instances of that operating system that you can run on that server. If you perform a physical install on Windows Server 2012, you must run any virtual instances for that server on the same server that the physical install is on.

Datacenter and standard essentially have the same features as each other, the only real difference between the


Client Access Licenses (CALs) in Windows Server 2012

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This video will look at the 3 different CALs that are available in Windows Server 2012. These are user, device and RDS. This video looks at how many you need in order to make sure your network is compliant and what these CALs allow you to do and not do.

What is a CAL?
A CAL is a Client Access License which is required for a user or computer to use features on a Windows Server, like file shares or printing. Services like unauthenticated internet access do not require a CAL. If you however use a 3rd party system to authenticate users before they connect to the web server you would need to purchase a CAL.

Types of CALs
There are 3 basic CALs available for Windows Server 2012. There are other features CALs that are available for products like SQL Server, but these are not covered in this video. The CALs covered in this v


Installing Windows Server 2012 R2

In this video we will show how to perform a clean install of Windows Server 2012 R2 standard edition in a VMWare environment. We'll also provide instruction on installing VMware tools in the new Windows Server 2012 installation. Check out or for more of our always free training videos.

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System Requirements
In order to install Windows Server 2012, you require a 1.4Ghz 64bit CPU (32bit CPU's are not supported) 512Megabytes of RAM, and 32Gigabyes of free space. This will be enough to install Windows Server, however this is the bare minimum. For any production system you should have 1 Gigabyte or 2 Gigabytes of RAM at a minimum and more free hard space. Usually anywhere from 50-100 Gigabytes of free space is enough for basic Windows Server installs. The amount of RAM and disk space you require will ultimately be determined by what you are planning to use the serve


Installing Server Core 2012 R2

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This video will look at installing Windows Server 2012 R2 using the core interface. The video will also look at how to configure the install once complete for remote administration. Server Core only provides a command line interface rather than the full graphical interface, but by the end of this video you will see that you can configure almost any part of Windows Server 2012 R2 Server Core from remote.

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This demonstration will look at installing Windows Server 2012 R2 with the core interface on a VMWare virtual machine. The procedure is the same if you plan to install it on a physical computer.
1. To start the install, place the Windows Server 2012 R2 DVD in the optical drive. In the case of a physical computer this will involve placing the media in the computer


Windows 2012, Full, Minimal and server core interfaces

Windows Server 2012 has a choice of 3 different interfaces. Check out for more of our always free training videos. These are full, minimal and server core. Minimal is new to Windows Server 2012.This video will look at how to change between the interfaces and what the advantages are of each interface.

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Which interface is best?
The full GUI interface supports all the features of Windows Sever 2012. It however uses the most resources on the computer to operate. The advantage is that it should be able to run any software that was designed to run on Windows Server 2012. The minimal interface has the most graphical intensive interface parts of the interface removed. This means it uses less resources, however some graphical based applications can still run. For example, you can still run Server Manager. The server core interface uses the least amount of resources on the computer but supports t


Planning an Upgrade to Windows Server 2012/R2

This video looks at some of the planning required for upgrading to Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2. Check out for more of our always free training videos. Different editions support different features, for this reason when you upgrade an operating system some features may no longer be available. This video also looks at some of the upgrade paths that are available.

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In-Place Upgrade
An In-Place upgrade is when the upgrade is performed on an operating system and the upgrade process keeps all the settings, documents and applications. If the In-Place upgrade goes well, the computer should run much the same as the old computer, but be running a different operating system. It is important to check that when you purchase an upgrade that the operating system supports an in-place upgrade. In some cases, an upgrade is available from one operating system but an in-pla


Upgrade Windows Server 2012 to 2012 R2

This video will perform an in-place upgrade of Windows Server 2012 Domain Controller to Windows Server 2012 R2. Check out or for more of our always free training videos. An in-place upgrade will keep the existing documents and settings on the server. Windows Server 2012 R2 is consider an incremental upgrade as it adds features to the operating system rather than make major changes to the operating system.

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Before you deploy your first Windows Server 2012 R2 Domain Controller, either upgrading an existing Domain Controller or promoting an existing Windows Server 2012 R2 Domain Controller, there are a few requirements that need to be met before the first Domain Controller is deployed.
1) Before installing the first Windows Server 2012 R2 Domain Controller, all existing Domain Controllers need to be upgraded to Windows Server 2003 or a


Install a feature using an exported configuration file

When installing roles or features using Server Manager, there is an option to export these settings to a file. Check out for more of our always free training videos. Using this file, you can install the same roles and features on another server. This video looks at how to make best use of that feature.

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Exporting Server Manager Configuration
When installing any role or feature using Server Manager, at the end of the wizard is the option to export the settings to an XML file. This XML file when exported can be read in by another server and thus be used to install the same roles and features on that server. This will only install the roles or features, it does not configure them. For example, there are a number of roles that require post configuration wizards to be run. For example, Active Directory Domain Services, Active Directory Federation Servers and DHCP all ha


Virtual Hard Disks

This video looks at the virtual hard disk format (VHD and VHDX) used by Windows. What it can achieve and what you need in order to use it.

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Virtual Hard Disk (VHD)
A virtual hard disk is essentially the data that would normally be stored on a physical drive stored in a file. When a virtual machine is created, virtual devices are created. For example, virtual devices may be created for the CPU, memory and hard disk. The virtual hard disk is connected to the VHD file and thus any data that is written to the virtual hard disk will be written to the virtual hard disk file. Since a virtual hard disk is being used by the virtual machine, this means that the virtual machine can have additional features added that are not possible when using a physical drive. For example, if you wanted to save the state of the virtual hard disk, this could be stored and restored later on. This is referred to in virtual machines a


Virtual Hard Disk Demonstration

This video will look at how to create virtual hard disks on Windows Server 2012 R2 using the VHD and VHDX format. The video will also look at how to convert between the different formats. The principles used in this video also apply to client operating system.

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Demonstration creating virtual disks in Disk Management
1) To create and manage virtual disks this can be done with “Disk Management”. “Disk Management” can be opened by right clicking on the start menu and selecting the option “Disk Management”.
2) To create a new VHD, open the action menu and then select the option “Create VHD”.
3) To create a new virtual hard disk, enter in the location you want to create the virtual hard disk at the top of the screen.
4) Under the location select the size of the virtual hard disk that you want to create. If you create a virtual hard disk using the VHD


Deploying roles to VHDs

This video will look at how you can add roles and features to a VHD file. A VHD file is commonly used when a server is virtualized using a product like Hyper-V. This feature allows you to add a role or feature to the VHD file when the server is not running.

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What we will do in this video?
In this video, there is a Hyper-V server which is running a virtual server using Hyper-V. The server's virtual hard disk is stored in a VHD file which is stored on the Hyper-V server. Since a lot of administration on a network is performed from an administrator's workstation, in this video the role will be added using an administrator workstation. In order for this to occur, the folder containing the VHD file on the Hyper-V server needs to be shared. Also there needs to be some firewall changes made in order for the workstation to be able to access the Hyper-V file.

In this demonstration, the virtual m


Features on Demand

Features on Demand is a new feature in Windows Server 2012 that allows the install files for features to be removed from the operating system. This reduces the size of the operating system. The features can be relocated to a file share or downloaded from Windows Update. This video looks at how to do this and also how much space you can potentially save.

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Features on Demand
When you install a role or feature in Windows Server you will not be prompted for the install media. This is because the install media is copied to the server when the server is first installed. These install files are also known as the pay load. In Windows Server, Features on Demand allows that pay load to be removed from the operating system. When a feature or role is installed on the server and Windows cannot find these install files it will prompt for the install files. These can be installed by DVD, network share or Window


Migration Roles In Windows Server 2012 R2

Windows Server comes with a number of migration tools that allow you to move roles from one server to another. Check out for more of our always free training videos. This video will look at what is involved and perform a demonstration of how to move DHCP from one Windows Server to another Windows Server.

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Migration is the process of moving settings and data between different systems. When you perform an upgrade, you are not able to choose which parts of the server you want to use on the new operating system. You must upgrade the whole server which includes any software on the server. It is not uncommon for problems to start occurring in Windows systems. Often reinstalling the operating system will fix these problems giving the administrator a fresh start. There are also a number of results that migrations can achieve that are not possible with upgrades, these include.


NIC Teaming

This video looks at how multiple network cards can be combined together to form one virtual network card. The examples used in this video are for Windows Server 2012 R2, however the principles apply to other operating systems.

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What is NIC Teaming?
NIC Teaming is the process of combining multiple network cards together for performance and redundancy reasons. Microsoft refers to this as NIC teaming, however other vendors may refer to this as bonding, balancing or aggregation. The process is the same regardless which solution is used or what it is called. Software running on the computer will communicate with the virtual network adapter. This virtual network adapter is responsible for distributing the network data between the different network cards in the system.

What is NIC Teaming? (Example)
Let's consider a server with 3 network cards in one NIC team. The operating system will have one virtual networ


NIC Teaming Demonstration

This video will look at using the NIC teaming feature on Windows Server 2012 R2 to combine 3 network cards together. The video will look at using NIC Teaming using software and also network hardware that supports networking combining protocols.

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1. To configure NIC teaming, first open Server Manager from the task bar.
2. When a server is selected in server manager, on the properties screen, it will show all the network adapters for that server.
3. In this case, this server has 3 network adapters installed. Each network adapter can have its own configuration. In this example one network adapter has been configured with a static IP Address. The other two network adapters have been configured to use DHCP.
4. If one of the network adapters is selected, this will display a windows with the network connection in it.
5. To display the properties for a network adapter, right click on the net


MBR and GPT Partition Tables

The partition table on a drive determines the structure of the data and this video will look at the MBR and GPT partition tables. Check out or for more of our always free training videos. In some cases the operating system will choose the partition table for you, however having an understanding of the partition tables will help you understand what features each has as well as any compatibility problems that may occur due to the choice of partition table.

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Partition Tables
Before data can be stored on a device like a hard disk, a partition table needs to be created. This partition table defines where the data can be stored on the device. For example, if you had a 3 terabyte hard disk, you could create 2 partition tables. One partition could be 1 terabyte in size while the other could be 2 Terabytes in size. The partition table essentially determines which part o


MBR and GPT demonstration on Windows

This video will look at how to configure drives to use the GPT and MBR partition tables on Windows 8 and Windows 2012. Check out for more of our always free training videos. This will be done using the GUI and the command line.

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Demonstration Windows 8
1. The disk management tool can be run by itself or as part of computer management. To open computer manager, open Windows Explorer, right click on computer and select the option manage.
2. Disk Management can be found under storage in Computer management. This tool will show you all the drives that are currently connected to that computer and allow you to perform administration on them like creating partitions and formatting.
3. When a new drive is added to Windows, this will appear in Disk Management as not initialized. The process of initializing the drive writes a signature on the drive. This means that if the drive is move