Pharmacology is an area of health that studies drugs and their interaction with the body. In the case of geriatric pharmacology, the focus is on the study of drugs used in the treatment of the elderly and on specific considerations for this population.
The elderly are a population that presents particularities in relation to other patients, and this must be taken into account when choosing and administering medications. For example, many seniors have chronic health conditions and use multiple medications simultaneously, which can lead to drug interactions and unwanted side effects.
Therefore, geriatric pharmacology aims to study the action of medications in the body of the elderly, considering factors such as absorption, metabolism and excretion of medications, as well as the presence of chronic diseases and other conditions that may interfere with the efficacy and safety of medications. .
Another important aspect of geriatric pharmacology is the appropriate choice of drugs for this population. Elderly people are often more sensitive to certain medications, which can lead to unwanted side effects. In addition, some clinical conditions, such as kidney and liver failure, may affect the choice and dosage of medications.
Among the main clinical conditions that affect the elderly and that require specific care in the administration of medications, we can mention arterial hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, dementia and depression.
In summary, geriatric pharmacology is an area of pharmacology dedicated to the study of drugs used in the treatment of the elderly. This area takes into account the particularities of this population, such as the presence of chronic diseases, sensitivity to certain medications and clinical conditions that require specific care. Knowledge of geriatric pharmacology is essential for the proper prescription and administration of medications in the elderly, ensuring efficacy and safety in the treatment of these patients.